Abstract: Through indicated to the Henan Mountain in Shansi wild decorative plant resource's investigation and study result that Mt. Taihang has the wild decorative plant 69 branches 109 is 209 kinds, in which tree 65 kinds, the bush 73 kinds, the liana 22 kinds, the herbaceous 49 kinds. According to the view posture, the view leaf, the view flower, the view fruit and so on have carried on the elaboration to the decorative plant type. According to this area wild plant resource's development present situation, proposed the wild decorative plant's sustainable use countermeasure.
Key word: Wild decorative plant; Plant resources; Safeguarding and use; Mt. Taihang
1. Anyang wild afforestation tree seed resource indignant situation
The Anyang Mt. Taihang area has the rich wild ornamental tree seed resource. According to the concerned expert investigates surpasses 200 kinds. Passes through to the Anyang urban district afforestation tree seed's investigation, detected that many comes from Mt. Taihang's wild ornamental tree seed growth to be good, the ornamental value is high, but plants quantity to be extremely few, little several, many also several dozens.
2. tree seed habit introduction
(1) juglandaceae. The platycarya strobilacea and the carya are the fallen leaf tree, the pinnately compound, the leaf blade are big, the growth is quick. Yi Yuan plants has 10 platycarya strobilacea.
(2) white birch branch. The goose ear oak tree, the fallen leaf tree, the leaf blade resembles the Siberian elm leaf blade, the growth is slow, the material quality is hard. The full tree red spica, the ornamental value is spring high. The winter leaf blade is withered, but does not fall slowly. huan the garden and the scientific research all plant extremely few.
The hazel, the bush, becomes the microphanerophyte thinly, the leaf blade multi-width but actually oval, the happy light, the drought resistance, bears arid infertile. The foliate is unusual, has the ornamental value. Yi Yuan has transplants extremely few.
(3) Chinese yew branch: The evergreen tree, the Chinese first-level safeguarding tree seed, distributes extremely few in the Linzhou Mt. Taihang.
(4) siberian elm branch: The siberian elm branch tree seed's compatibility is strong, the overwhelming majority may in the urban district normal growth. At present Anyang plants has 6 kinds. Hackberry's branching are many, the shape of tree is artistic, has in the urban district plants the quantity certainly, the wing celtis, the big fruit ju, the small leaf plants the quantity to be few plain. The aphananthe aspera and the betel siberian elm also only take the bonsai cultivation. A Puyang park has a tree diameter at chest height 40cm big betel siberian elm. Grows exuberantly, from becomes a scenery.
(5) Sang Ke: The three-bristle cudrania tree, the chicken mulberry, the Mongolian mulberry, the fallen leaf tree or the microphanerophyte, are good in the Anyang urban district growth. The three-bristle cudrania tree leaf blade glossy, the fruit unusual, the ornamental value is high.
(6) saxifragaceae: The saxifragaceae above 4 kind of tree seeds, are the fallen leaf bushes, spring opens the white to be colored, the ornamental value is high. huan the garden, the scientific research institute, Yi Yuan and so on place have plants few.
(7) rose family: Embroiders line chrysanthemum the type to have ten kinds, may in the urban district cultivation. Embroiders the line chrysanthemum and Shui Juzi is the fallen leaf bush, the birchleaf pear and the pyrus calleryana is the fallen leaf tree. The above 4 kind of wild tree seeds spring open the white to be colored. Shui Juzi fruit in September becomes bright red, has the ornamental value extremely.
(8) leguminosae: Leguminosae's tree seed are many, compatible. The above 3 kind of tree seeds are the bushes. Is exuberant in the Anyang urban district growth, but quantity are very few. The Hu branch class tree seed has near 10 kinds, may plant in the Anyang urban district. The Hu branch is the autumn blossoms the tree seed.
(9) Yun fragrant branch: The fallen leaf tree, is good in the Anyang urban district growing trend, and so on place has in Yi Yuan cultivates extremely few. Anacardiaceae: Chinese goldthread rhizome wood, fallen leaf tree, pinnate leaf. The Anyang old city has the previous hundred years old tree, the growing trend is exuberant. The autumn red fruit hangs all over the branch, is attractive, late autumn its color of leaves changes Huang Huobian is red, has the ornamental value extremely, is worth planting massively, at present huan the garden and Yi Yuan and so on place have plants few. Celastraceae: Painstakingly Pi Teng and the celestrus liana, the leaf blade is big and is green.
(10) maple branch: Constructs the beginning qi and huan the garden has in the triangle lake park cultivates extremely few, the compound leaf qi in Yi Yuan, huan the garden, five new school districts and so on place has the few cultivations, the tea strip qi has in Yi Yuan plants few, Ge Luoqi all introduces a fine variety extremely few in the botanical garden scientific research.
(11) sapindaceae: The shiny-leaved yellowhorn, the fallen leaf tree or the shrub-like, the compatibility is extra-heavy, the flower is prosperous, the ornamental value is high. The shiny-leaved yellowhorn is north part of our country the unique edible fuel oils tree seed, but may also make takes the biological diesel oil.
(12) mouse Li Ke: North the hovenia dulcis is the fallen leaf tree, the color of leaves is glossy, the growth is rapid, the ornamental value is high, in the Huanshui River park, five new school districts, the botanical garden scientific research all plants few. Small leaf mouse Li, mouse Li Heyuan Ye Shuli in the Anyang urban district may the normal growth, in the Huanshui River park, the botanical garden scientific research all plant extremely few.
(13) vitaceae: The liana, the growth is rapid, anti-plant disease ability, all plants extremely few in huan the garden and the botanical garden scientific research. Is the fine pergola plant.
(14) tree branch: The fallen leaf bush or the microphanerophyte, the fruit is unusual, the autumn changes Huang Huobian is red, the ornamental value is high.
(15) elaeagnaceae: The autumn elaeagnus, the fallen leaf bush to the microphanerophyte, compatible, the growth is exuberant. The blade back mask silver mildew, flutters with the wind, has the ornamental value extremely.
(16) alangium branch: The fallen leaf bush or the microphanerophyte, the growth is exuberant, the leaf, the flower, the fruit have certain ornamental value. Five new school districts, huan the garden, the botanical garden scientific research institute and so on place has plants extremely few.
(17) dogwood branch: Wool, the fallen leaf tree, the flower, the fruit have the ornamental value, is the important arboreal oil tree seed. Does is good, the crown is open for business, provides shade the effect to be good.
(18) radish? Branch: The woody climber plant, the compatibility and the resistance are greatly strengthened, the growth is rapid, both considerable flower, and considerable Ye Guanguo, is the fine cover plant.
(19) Verbenaceae: The harlequin glorybower, the fallen leaf bush or the microphanerophyte, the fruit and flowers are bright, may supply watching, compatible. Has in the Anyang urban district plants the quantity certainly.
(20) rubiaceae: The fallen leaf small bush, grows slowly, the branching is dense, the flowering season is long. All plant extremely few in Yi Yuan and the botanical garden scientific research.
(21) caprifoliaceae: Elder, fallen leaf bush. Compatible, the growth is rapid, the present flower bud morning, the fruit is bright red, the ornamental value is high, has certain shade tolerance, suits transplants under the thin forest.
3. recent development goal
In the arbor species, Mao Zhu is the scientific research institute plans the development in the near future the chief species, the scientific research institute had 2 years to live with 1 year lives the wool?? Broadcasts seedling more than 1000, in 2015 plans the development wool?? Broadcasts seedling 5000~10000.
In the shrub variety, in botanical garden scientific research institute near 2 years plan suitable introduction tree seeds and so on development elder, shiny-leaved yellowhorn, hedgehog reality, autumn elaeagnus, common pearlbush.
huan the garden and the scientific research all plant few. The Chinese sumac, the fallen leaf microphanerophyte, the pinnately compound, has the rachis wing. Has certain ornamental value.
The wood is the fallen leaf arbor species, the pinnately compound, has the previous hundred years old tree in the Anyang old city, the growth is exuberant, the autumn red fruit hangs all over the branch, is attractive, late autumn the color of leaves changes red or changes yellow, the ornamental value is very high, at present the Anyang huan garden, Yi Yuan and so on place have plants, but quantity are few, may plant massively.